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Jersey Barrier Bench Attachment, in progress
Concept model of street furniture

Jersey barriers are used on construction sites, to block off restricted areas, and more recently, to create a safe distance between surface streets and vehicles and sensitive sites and monuments. The barriers which restrict vehicle intrusion also render these important civic places unattractive and unfriendly for pedestrians. As what started as a temporary safety measure becomes increasingly more permanent, widespread, and unavoidable, a new way to reinterpret these barriers for the benefit of the pedestrian population has become critical. (more info)

Gettysburg Address, 2006-ongoing
Ink on caution tape, 3 " x 300' each roll    
St. Louis and Los Angeles sites are installed by: Maria Santos and Jim Delaney

This ongoing project commemorates President Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address as a dual-purpose text. Not only did this short speech serve to consecrate a battlefield as the "final resting place for those who died," but it also reminded the nation of the "great task remaining." By repairing the political, geographical, and moral division, Lincoln asserted, "the dead shall not have died in vain".

This piece translates the famous opening lines from this speech into American Morse code, signifying a telegraphic communication echoing from the past. The series of dots and dashes is painted on yellow caution tape, which cordons off a space, consecrating it and delineating it from the ordinary perimeters of life. (more to come)

Landscape installation (concept proposal)      
with Marrikka Trotter

To dwell is to extend: to inhabit a desire or memory, project it in space, and inscribe it in a landscape. The seminal writing on dwelling, Heidegger's "Building, Dwelling, Thinking," explores dwelling as an extension of a person's very being, either through building edifices or through cultivation of the land. Although the noun, dwelling, has become linked with a structural building, the verb is intertwined with people's habit of extending their own mortality by establishing, cultivating, and preserving a landscape or place. In short, to dwell, the verb, is about extending a personal experience not only through space, but also in time and memory.

International Motifs, 2007-
Watercolor on paper           
Mural painting (concept proposal)        

These particular architectural motifs are incorporated into the design of many homes, government and institutional buildings, and cultural centers; they function as privacy screens, load-bearing façades, ventilation devices, security barriers, and staircase guardrails. One of the reasons these designs spread so ubiquitously may have been the U.S. State Department policy during the 1950's and 1960's, which suggested that "American embassies visibly reflect the cultural climate of their particular setting," with the result that, "the clean efficiency of modern American buildings was fused with traditional motifs in such disparate sites as Athens and Karachi". This hybridization eventually returned to America and spread throughout many different regions of the world. Although these motifs have become common design currency, in certain countries they remain physical markers of a past filled with ideology, naiveté, economic progress and oppression, modernization, and political change. (more images)

*Langsner, Jules. The Quest for Ornament in American Architecture, Zodiac 4, pg. 68-72

, 2007-
Street stencils

24 East Brookline Street, South End. (sponsored by Marrikka Trotter)

1-1=1 is a temporary site-responsive project that triangulates mapping, statistics and human tragedy. This ongoing project responds to the recent rise in fatal street aggressions in Greater Boston. The nonsensical equation, 1-1=1 (one person killing one person equals one crime statistic) is stenciled on the sidewalk at each site of these violent incidents with phosphorescent paint, presenting a subtle visual reminder of the temporality of life and the permanent impact of these acts, while simultaneously marking a vigil for those who are lost. (more)

Stacked Rifles Historical Marker, 2006
Lumber and safety orange paint, 5' b x 8' h

Stacked Rifles Historical Marker references Peekskill’s military and geographical history.

“Peekskill was a significant Revolutionary War military base, and at times used as a headquarters for American army officers in the Hudson Valley from 1776 through 1782. The area was important for its hilly defensive location, its views of the bay, and its industries applied to military purposes. The overlook locale, now identified as "Fort Hill" in Peekskill, was the site of five large barracks buildings and two redoubts. An average of 1,000 Continental soldiers were stationed at Camp Peekskill on and off through the eight years of war”.

The piece takes its abstract form from stacked rifles; this familiar configuration symbolizes soldiers at ease. The piece is painted in safety orange, which is the standard color for defining a protective space, marking a location or the need for awareness. When viewed from directly above, the sculpture’s four abstract rifles create an X, both marking the spot as a place of significance, and calling for future vigilance.

*excerpts from History of Peekskill
Written by John J. Curran, City Historian
January 2002

Blue Collapsible Sculpture, 2006
Polytarp, conduit and fastener, 2' b x 9' h

This temporary sculpture is drawn from my time in Maine and my experience of the back roads and front lawns that define its domestic landscape. Blue poly tarps that are commonly used across the state to cover and protect materials and possessions from the weather are also employed around the country and in many parts of the world, revealing this simple and inexpensive commodity as a universal, versatile, and practical answer to a wide range of situations. The same standardized sheets of plastic that extend protection and ownership beyond the enclosure of the home also extend the territory of humanity and inhabitability when configured as a provisional humanitarian aid in the exigency of natural or manmade disaster.

This piece explores the blue tarp’s universal connotation of temporality and protection to extend interior, architectural space into the exterior landscape, while its removal from banal yard service or terrifying disaster footage attempts to focus attention on its function and dysfunction in the contemporary culture of impermanence and instability.

Lexington Green
, 2004
Acrylic on canvas on custom made panel, 18 x 24", series of 8

This work centers on the contemporary site of the Battle of Lexington Green. It is a series of eight landscape/history paintings, representing the number of revolutionaries killed as the result of the skirmish. The composition illustrates a filmic interpretation of assumed view from the eyes of a falling soldier after receiving a fatal shot. The unfinished paint-by-numbers style suggests history that continues to be revised and unfolded as the origin of the first shot continues to be questioned.

The Alamo,
Video projection, loop

This project seeks to explore the significance of a place as a reliquary for an epic of courage. The Alamo has been largely reconstructed from the ruins of a historic Spanish mission to become a park-like tourist attraction. The meticulously manicured landscape which now surrounds the infamous site of death and defeat for such historical figures as Davey Crocket and James Bowie is accented with an artificial stream stocked with colorful koi and innumerable pennies. The stream, with its clear water and brilliant orange fish, provides an accessible distraction and an anticlimax to the stern and silent chapel, with its roped-off displays memorializing the fallen heroes of Texas. The disneyfication of historical sites commodifies and reduces significant historical sites to places of entertainment and activity. The piece is to be projected at a large scale, as if to endow the graceful movements of the fish with deep meaning.